An Overview of the Bengali Language
Bengali is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in South Asia and the official language in Bangladesh and some parts of India–West Bengal, Tripura, Jharkhand, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Assam. With more than 210 million native speakers, it is considered the 7th most spoken language in the world and the 2nd in India.
The History of Bengali
- Old Bengali – around 1000 AD:
The Emergence of Bengali evolved circa 1000-12000 AD from Sanskrit and Magadhi Prakrit but the language was not stable then and authors wrote in multiple dialects. In this period, Bengali was used for religious documents and devotional songs.
- Middle Bengali – around 1400 AD to 1800 AD
This period is characterised by the elision of word-final অ ô, the spread of compound verbs and borrowing of Perso-Arabic terms into Bengali vocabulary. Bengali was the official court language of the Sultanate of Bengal and became the most spoken vernacular language in the Sultanate. The most significant work in this era is the Shreekrishna Kirtana, a drama composed in poetry detailing many folk literature stories in 417 verses and 133 Sanskrit shlokas.
- New Bengali – Bengali today:
The modern literary form of Bengali was developed during the 19th and early 20th centuries. It is primarily characterised by the shortening of pronouns and verbs. The modern Bengali vocabulary contains the vocabulary base from Magadhi Prakrit, Pali and Tatsamas and other major borrowings from Persian, Arabic and Austroasiatic languages.
5 Bengali Language Facts:
- Bengali is the second most beautiful language in the world after French.
- Bengali is the 7th most spoken language in the world with over 210 million speakers.
- Bengali uses postpositions as opposed to the prepositions used in English and other languages.
- There are Bengali radio stations in different countries you wouldn’t likely think they have– China, Japan, Germany, USA, Thailand and the Philippines.
- UNESCO marked the 21st of February International Mother Language Day because of the incident on February 21st, 1952 where activists and students were killed during protests for the Bengali Language Movement which is an uprising to reclaim Bangla’s identity in East Pakistan.
Learning Bengali is learning one of the sweetest languages of the world and being able to communicate with more people since it’s included in the top rank of widely spoken languages. The huge numbers of people speaking the language means more possibilities of creating friendships and job opportunities. Learning another foreign language can widen your understanding of different cultures and promotes appreciation of your own.
Learning Bengali with Overpass Apps
Overpass wants to help you learn that sweet language in a fun and exciting way. We have just released our newest language learning app which enriches your Bengali vocabulary and teaches you how to pronounce each word correctly. Learn Bengali Bubble Bath consists of different categories and a lot of Bengali words and phrases for you to master that language.
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